The Münchausen Syndrome

24/03/2020

The name comes from Baroness Minhausen, the protagonist of Rodolfo Raspe's well-known book of 1785. After returning from the Russian-Turkish War (1768-1774), he began to tell fantastic achievements.

In Psychopathology as Minhausen Syndrome we define the "fictitious" state of illness, caused or caused by the individual himself, which is intended to draw attention, reassurance, sympathy and occupation to his rounds with him.

We have to be careful here, because we often confuse this disorder with Hypochondria. In the first case, however, the attempt to draw attention is not focused solely on doctors but on all the people in its environment. On the other hand, a Hypochondriac patient has little or no interest in how others treat his or her imaginary illnesses, as long as they are as "within" the support network of physicians who want their continued attention.

In the München syndrome, the symptoms of illness may initially be pretentious, but in the advanced stages of the syndrome the individual causes it himself. Their usual physical symptoms are abdominal pain, nausea, vertigo. Their constant aim is to look permanently ill.

If a doctor diagnoses that they are healthy (which is quite normal anyway), of course they do not accept the diagnosis, consider this particular doctor "charlatan", and will refer directly to other doctors until they find someone who will tell them the diagnosis want to hear.

The most serious and extremely dangerous form of Syndrome is the Minhausen Syndrome through Representative. We find it strongly in Forensic Psychology. It is mainly found in women who cause the disease, in their children whether they are mothers or not, in helpless people (the elderly, the seriously ill, children and infants). They usually practice a paramedical profession such as nurses to have access to victims. They are non-existent self-esteem and through the "control of life" they exercise in their victims, they receive the self-esteem they need after they now feel empowered to depend on one's own life. There are many cases of female serial killers who have this syndrome. They rarely stop at one victim because they rarely focus on a single victim. They work simultaneously on many people, and when they are mothers in all their children and of course their victims reach death. The majority of them belong to the category we call "Angels of Death" forensics.

The causes of Minhausen Syndrome have not been fully elucidated. It is certain that, as research has shown so far, both biological and psychological factors play a role in its development. There is also very strong evidence of a history of abuse or neglect in one's childhood. Until now, the presence of Syndrome in personality disorders that people with Minhausen Syndrome have in common.

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