The neck (commonly the neck) is the first part of our spine.
Neck pain or neck pain is the feeling of pain that is located in that area.
Depending on the cause, the pain may be reflected in other areas (such as, for example, headache and headache) or may be accompanied by other symptoms, such as fever, dizziness, vomiting, etc.
Various conditions can occur with neck pain, the most common of which are:
Arthritis, or inflammation of the joints, can be generalized to many joints in the body, or can be located in the neck area. When inflammation is the result of joint damage from mechanical causes (eg, due to friction of joint surfaces as in degenerative osteoarthritis), normal bone growth is disrupted, resulting in abnormal bone protrusions, called osteophytes. which we usually call "salts" in the neck. The pain in the case of arthritis is either due to the inflammation itself or to pressure on the nerves in the area by the osteophytes.
- Disc diseases
Between the cervical vertebrae are soft "cushions" designed to absorb strong vibrations, preventing bone friction. This "cushion" can be moved for many reasons, e.g. after a strong blow or due to bone degeneration. The intervertebral disc then presses on either the nerves passing between the cervical vertebrae or the spinal cord, causing pain and neurological abnormalities that can even lead to upper limb disability.
- Muscle spasms
The neck muscles are loaded with many tasks, such as supporting the head. When a muscle is injured or stretched abruptly (eg, after a strong shake in a car accident, during a sport or even from a bad position during sleep) it shows inflammation and a reactive contraction accompanied by severe neck pain. In general, long-term poor posture can lead to muscle fractures and neck pain.
The neck is very vulnerable to injury. Even a simple injury leads to soft tissue damage in the area (muscles, ligaments, etc.) and is often manifested by neck pain. Severe injuries, which can also affect the bones of the spine or spinal cord, are extremely life-threatening.
More rare conditions that may be associated with neck pain are inflammation of the thyroid gland, the lymph nodes in the area, and other organs adjacent to the area (such as those of the lungs or lower jaw). Sometimes, a serious condition, such as a neoplastic process or meningitis, may be hidden.